Feast of the Annunciation of Our Lord 3/25/2021

Greetings in the Name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ:

Today, March 25, 2021, is when the Christian Church celebrates the Feast of the Annunciation of Our Lord.  Annunciation, from the Latin annuntiatio, meaning the announcing of news, recognizes the conception of our Lord to Mary by the Word of God spoken by the angel Gabriel.

This post is devoted to one of the Feast Days that the historic Christian Church regularly observed that are generally neglected today.  I pray that you find this message beneficial in your devotions this or another day.

“The angel Gabriel appears to Mary and announces that God has shown her favor and will use her as the means for the Messiah’s birth.  So Mary conceives Jesus when the angel says: “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you” (Luke 1:35).  This same Spirit who hovered over the waters and brought forth creation (Genesis 1:2) will now “hover over” the waters of Mary’s womb to conceive the creation’s Redeemer.  As the Holy Spirit comes upon Mary, she conceives Jesus “through her ear” (as Martin Luther says).  The one who is conceived is called Holy, the Son of God.  This is the moment of the incarnation of our Lord.  The date of the Annunciation falls on March 25, because the Ancient Church believed the crucifixion occurred on that date.  In antiquity, people linked the day of a person’s conception with the day of his or her death.  Thus, in the Annunciation, the Church joined together both the incarnation of Jesus and the atonement He accomplished.”  1

This feast has two verses.  If the feast is observed outside of Lent it is “Alleluia.  Behold, I am the servant of the Lord, let it be to me according to your word.  Alleluia.”  It is from Luke 1:38a.  However, when it falls in Lent, it is “My soul magnifies the Lord, and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior.  For my eyes have seen your salvation that you have prepared in the presence of all people.”  It is from Luke 1:46b, 47a; 2:30-31.

Old Testament    Isaiah 7:10-14

Psalm                   Psalm 45:7-17 (antiphon v. 6)

Epistle                  Hebrews 10:4-10

Gospel                  Luke 1:26-38

The hymn appointed for this day is “The Angel Gabriel From Heaven Came” as found on page 356 in the Lutheran Service Book.  You may listen to this hymn as sung during an Advent service at Concordia Theological Seminary Fort Wayne here: https://www.facebook.com/ctsfw/videos/lsb-356-the-angel-gabriel-from-heaven-came/295976367989738/

Collect of the Day:

O Lord, as we have known the incarnation of Your Son Jesus Christ by the message of the angel to the Virgin Mary, so by the message of His cross and passion bring us to the glory of His resurrection; through the same Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Pastor Jim Tuell

Treasury of Daily Prayer, Scot A Kinnaman, General Editor, Concordia Publishing House, Saint Louis, MO., 2008, p, 1287.

Feast of Saint Joseph, Guardian of Our Lord 3/19/2021

Greetings in the Name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ:

Today, March 19, 2021, is when the Christian Church celebrates the Feast of Saint Joseph, Guardian of Our Lord.  The Church remembers Joseph for his trusting in the word of the angels and his faithful service in protecting and helping raise Jesus.

This post is devoted to one of the Feast Days that the historic Christian Church regularly observed that are generally neglected today.  I pray that you find this message beneficial in your devotions this or another day.

“Saint Joseph has been honored throughout the Christian centuries for his faithful devotion in helping Mary raise her Son.  Matthew’s Gospel relates that Joseph was a just man, who followed the angel’s instructions and took the already-pregnant Mary as his wife (Matthew 1:24).  In the Gospels according to Matthew and Mark, Jesus is referred to as “the carpenter’s son” (Matthew 13:55; Mark 6:3).  This suggests that Joseph had building skills with which he supported his family.  Joseph was an important figure in the early life of Jesus, safely escorting Mary and the child to Egypt (Matthew 2:14) and then settling them back in Nazareth once it was safe to do so (Matthew 2:22).  The final mention of Joseph is at the time the twelve-year-old Jesus visits the temple in Jerusalem for the Passover (Luke 2:41-51).  Joseph, the guardian of our Lord, has long been associated with caring parenthood as well as with skilled craftsmanship.” 1

The verse or theme for this feast is “When Joseph woke from sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord commanded.”  It is from Matthew 1:24a.

Old Testament    2 Samuel 7:4-16

Psalm                   Psalm 127 (antiphon v. 1a)

Epistle                  Romans 4:13-18

Gospel                  Matthew 2:13-15; 19-23

The hymn appointed for this day is “‘Our Father, by Whose Name” as found on page 863 in the Lutheran Service Book.  You may listen to this hymn as sung during the daily chapel service at Concordia Theological Seminary Fort Wayne by here: Our Father, by Whose Name – LSB 863 – YouTube

Collect of the Day:

Almighty God, from the house of Your servant David You raised up Joseph to be the guardian of Your incarnate Son and the husband of His mother, Mary.  Grant us grace to follow the example of this faithful workman in heeding Your counsel and obeying Your commands; through Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Pastor Jim Tuell

Treasury of Daily Prayer, Scot A Kinnaman, General Editor, Concordia Publishing House, Saint Louis, MO., 2008, p, 1286.

Flight to Egypt – Eugène Girardet (1853-1907)

Feast of Saint Matthias, Apostle 2/24/2021

Greetings in the Name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ:

Today, February 24, 2021 is when the Christian Church celebrates the Feast of Saint Matthias, Apostle.  The Church remembers Matthias as the apostle that filled the vacancy resulting from the suicide of Judas Iscariot.  After his election, the Bible never mentions him again.

This post is devoted to one of the Feast Days that the historic Christian Church regularly observed that are generally neglected today.  I pray that you find this message beneficial in your devotions this or another day.

“Saint Matthias is one of the lesser known apostles.  According to the Early Church Fathers, Matthias was one of the seventy-two sent out by Jesus in Luke 10:1-20.  After the ascension, Matthias was chosen by lot to fill the vacancy in the Twelve resulting from the death of Judas Iscariot (Acts 1:16-25).  Early Church tradition places Matthias in a number of locations.  Some historians suggest that he went to Ethiopia; others place him in Armenia, the first nation to adopt Christianity as a national religion.  Martyred for his faith, Matthias may well have met his death at Colchis in Asia Minor, around AD 50.  The Church of St. Matthias at Trier, Germany, claims the honor of being the final burial site for Matthias, the only one of the Twelve to be buried in Europe north of the Alps.” 1

The verse or theme for this feast is “Alleluia.  Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.  Alleluia.”  It is from Matthew 11:28.

Old Testament    Isaiah 66:1-2

Psalm                   Psalm 134 (antiphon Psalm 133:1)

Second                 Acts 1:15-26

Gospel                  Matthew 11:25-30

The hymn appointed for this day is “‘How Shall They Hear,’ Who Have Not Heard” as found on page 831 in the Lutheran Service Book.  As this is not a frequently used hymn, I regret I was unable to find a suitable recording.

Collect of the Day:

Almighty God, You chose Your servant Matthias to be numbered among the Twelve.  Grant that Your Church, ever preserved from false teachers, may be taught and guided by faithful and true pastors; through Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Pastor Jim Tuell

Treasury of Daily Prayer, Scot A Kinnaman, General Editor, Concordia Publishing House, Saint Louis, MO., 2008, p, 1236.

Feast of The Purification of Mary and the Presentation of Our Lord 2/2/2021

Greetings in the Name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ:

Today, February 2, 2021 is when the Christian Church celebrates the Feast of The Purification of Mary and the Presentation of Our Lord.  The Church remembers the Presentation as it is the first epiphany or revealing of Jesus as the Christ / Messiah.

This post is devoted to one of the Feast Days that the historic Christian Church regularly observed that are generally neglected today.  I pray that you find this message beneficial in your devotions this or another day.

“Thirty-two days after Jesus’ circumcision and seventy weeks after the announcement of John’s birth to Zechariah by the angel Gabriel, the Lord comes to His temple to fulfill the Torah (Luke 2:22-38).  The days are indeed fulfilled with the presentation.  Jesus’ parents keep the Torah and fulfill it by bringing Jesus to His true home.  Also, Jesus’ parents offer the alternative sacrifice of two turtledoves or two pigeons.  Leviticus 12:8 allows this instead of a lamb, since not everyone could afford a lamb (showing the poverty and humility of Joseph and Mary).  Yet no lamb was necessary because already here at forty days old, Jesus is the Lamb brought to His temple for sacrifice.  Simeon’s Nunc Dimittis is a beautiful example of the immediate response to this inauguration of God’s consolation and redemption in the Christ Child.  Speaking to Mary, Simeon also prophesies about the destiny of the child.” 1

The verse or theme for this feast is “Alleluia.  Behold, this child is appointed for the fall and rising of many in Israel.  Alleluia.”  It is from Luke 2:34b.

Old Testament    1 Samuel 1:21-28

Psalm                   Psalm 84 (antiphon v. 4)

Epistle                  Hebrews 2:14-18

Gospel                  Luke 2:22-40

The hymn appointed for this day is “In His Temple Now Behold Him” as found on page 519 in the Lutheran Service Book.  You may listen and sing along with this hymn at this direct link: In His Temple Now Behold Him – YouTube

Collect of the Day:

Almighty and ever-living God, as Your only-begotten Son was this day presented in the Temple in the substance of our flesh, grant that we may be presented to You with pure and clean hearts; through Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Pastor Jim Tuell

Treasury of Daily Prayer, Scot A Kinnaman, General Editor, Concordia Publishing House, Saint Louis, MO., 2008, p, 1176-1177.

The Presentation of the Christ Child in the Temple – Phillippe de Champaigne (1648)

Feast of Saint Titus, Pastor and Confessor

Greetings in the Name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ:

Today, January 26, 2021 is when the Christian Church celebrates the Feast of Saint Titus, Pastor and Confessor.  The Church remembers him today for his dedication to the Gospel and shepherding people in their Christian faith.

This post is devoted to one of the Feast Days that the historic Christian Church regularly observed that are generally neglected today.  I pray that you find this message beneficial in your devotions this or another day.

“Saint Titus, like Timothy with whom he is often associated, was a friend and co-worker of Saint Paul.  Titus was a Gentile, perhaps a native of Antioch, who accompanied Paul and Barnabas to Jerusalem when they brought assistance to the Christians in Judea during a famine (Acts 11:29-30; Galatians 2:1).  It is not known if he accompanied Paul on his first or second missionary journeys, but Titus was with him on the third one, when he helped reconcile the Corinthians to Paul (2 Corinthians 7:6-7) and assisted with the collection for the church in Jerusalem (2 Corinthians 8:3-6).  It was probably on the return to Jerusalem that Paul left Titus in Crete (Titus 1:4-5).  Afterwards he is found working in Dalmatia (2 Timothy 4:10).  According to tradition, Titus returned to Crete, where he served as bishop until he died about AD 96.” 1

The verse or theme for this feast is “Alleluia.  The grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation for all people.  Alleluia.”  It is from Titus 2:11.

First Reading       Acts 20:28-35

Psalm                   Psalm 71:1-14 (antiphon v. 17)

Epistle                  Titus 1:1-9

Gospel                  Luke 10:1-9

The hymn appointed for this day is “Preach You the Word and Plant It Home” as found on page 586 in the Lutheran Service Book.  You may listen and sing along with this hymn at this direct link: Preach You the Word – LSB 586 – YouTube

Collect of the Day:

Almighty God, You called Titus to the work of pastor and teacher.  Make all shepherds of Your flock diligent in preaching Your holy Word so that the whole world may know the immeasurable riches of our Savior, Jesus Christ, who lives and reigns with the You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Pastor Jim Tuell

Treasury of Daily Prayer, Scot A Kinnaman, General Editor, Concordia Publishing House, Saint Louis, MO., 2008, p, 1155.

Feast of the Conversion of Saint Paul 1/25/2021

Greetings in the Name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ:

Today, January 25, 2021 is when the Christian Church celebrates the Feast of the Conversion of Saint Paul.  The Church remembers the Conversion of Saint Paul as a remarkable, sudden, dramatic, and radical change in Saul, the fanatical persecutor of the young Christian church.  His conversion exhibits a merciful call to repentance, and the consolation that such an example of God’s grace offers to all sinners.

This post is devoted to one of the Feast Days that the historic Christian Church regularly observed that are generally neglected today.  I pray that you find this message beneficial in your devotions this or another day.

“Saint Paul’s life changing experience on the road to Damascus is related three times in the Book of Acts (9:1-9; 22:6-11; 26:12-18).  As an archenemy Christians, Saul of Tarsus set out for Damascus to arrest and bring believers to Jerusalem for trial.  While on the way, he saw a blinding light and heard the words “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?”  Saul asked “Who are You, Lord?”  The reply came, “I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting.”  In Damascus, where Saul was brought after being blinded, a disciple names Ananias was directed by the Lord in a vision to go to Saul to restore his sight: “Go, for he is a chosen instrument of Mine to carry My Name before the Gentiles and kings and the children of Israel (Acts 9:15).”  After receiving his sight, Saul was baptized and went on to become known as Paul, the great apostle.” 1

The verse or theme for this feast is “Alleluia.  Go, for he is a chosen instrument of Mine to carry My Name before the Gentiles and kings and the children of Israel.  Alleluia.”  It is from Acts 9:15.

First Reading       Acts 9:1-22

Psalm                   Psalm 67 (antiphon v. 5)

Epistle                  Galatians 1:11-24

Gospel                  Matthew 19:27-30

There are two hymns appointed for this day: “Chief of Sinners Though I Be” and “O God, O Lord of Heaven and Earth” as found on pages 611 and 834, respectively, in the Lutheran Service Book.  You may listen and sing along with these hymns at these direct links: “Chief of Sinners Though I Be” Lutheran Service Book LSB #611 – YouTube

O God, O Lord of Heaven and Earth (LSB 834) – YouTube

Collect of the Day:

Almighty God, You turned the heart of him who persecuted the Church and by his preaching caused the light of the Gospel to shine throughout the world.  Grant us ever to rejoice in the saving light of Your Gospel and, following the example of the apostle Paul, to spread it to the ends of the earth; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with the You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Pastor Jim Tuell

Treasury of Daily Prayer, Scot A Kinnaman, General Editor, Concordia Publishing House, Saint Louis, MO., 2008, p, 1151-1152.

Conversion of St. Paul (c. 1767) Nicolas Bernard Lépicié
Conversion on the Way to Damascus (c. 1601) – Caravaggio

Feast of the Confession of Saint Peter 1/18/2021

Greetings in the Name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ:

Today, January 18, 2021 is when the Christian Church celebrates the Feast of the Confession of Saint Peter.  The Church remembers that Saint Peter spoke for all disciples of Jesus when he confesses “You are the Christ” and that this confession is the bedrock of the Christian Church, which Christ Himself builds.  This post is devoted to one of the Feast Days that the historic Christian Church regularly observed that are generally neglected today.  I pray that you find this message beneficial in your devotions this or another day.

“The Confession of Saint Peter did not arise in the imagination of Peter’s heart but was revealed to him by the Father.  The reason this confession is important is seen in Jesus’ response: ‘You are Peter [Greek, Petros], and on this rock [Greek, petra] I will build My church (Matthew 16:18).’  As the people of God in the Old Testament began with the person of Abraham, the rock from which God’s people were hewn (Isaiah 51:1-2), so the people of God in the New Testament would begin with the person Peter, whose confession is the rock on which Christ would build His Church.  But Peter was not alone (the ‘keys’ given to him in Matthew 16:19 were given to all the disciples in Matthew 18:18 and John 20:21-23).  As Saint Paul tells us, Peter and the other apostles take their place with the prophets as the foundation of the Church, with Christ Himself as the cornerstone (Ephesians 2:20).  The confession of Peter, therefore, is the witness of the entire apostolic band and is foundational in the building of Christ’s Church.  Thus the Church gives thanks to God for Saint Peter and the other apostles who have instructed Christ’s Holy Church in His divine and saving truth.” 1

The verse or theme for this feast is “Alleluia.  Whoever would save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake and the gospel’s will save it.  Alleluia.”  It is from Mark 8:35.

First Reading       Acts 4:8-13

Psalm                   Psalm 118:19-29 (antiphon v. 26)

Epistle                  2 Peter 1:1-15

Gospel                  Mark 8:27–9:1

The hymn appointed for this day is “At the Name of Jesus” as found on page 512 in the Lutheran Service Book.  You may listen and sing along with the hymn at this direct link: Hymn 512 At the Name of Jesus – YouTube

Collect of the Day:

Heavenly Father, You revealed to the apostle Peter the blessed truth that Your Son Jesus is the Christ.  Strengthen us by the proclamation of this truth that we too may joyfully confess that there is salvation in no one else; through the same Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with the You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Pastor Jim Tuell

Treasury of Daily Prayer, Scot A Kinnaman, General Editor, Concordia Publishing House, Saint Louis, MO., 2008, p, 1128.

Feast of the Epiphany of Our Lord 1/6/2021

Greetings in the Name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ:

Today, January 6, 2021 is when the Christian Church celebrates the Feast of The Epiphany of Our Lord.  This post is devoted to one of the Feast Days that the historic Christian Church observed that is sometimes neglected today.  I pray that you find this message beneficial in your devotions this or another day.

“The feast of the Epiphany of Our Lord commemorates no event but presents an idea that assumes concrete form only through the facts of our Lord’s life.  The idea of Epiphany is that the Christ who was born in Bethlehem is recognized by the world as God.  At Christmas, God appears as man, and at Epiphany, this man appears before the world, as God.  That Christ became man needed no proof.  But that this man, the helpless child, is God needed proof.  The manifestations of the Trinity, the signs and wonders performed by this man, and all His miracles have the purpose of proving to men that Jesus is God.  Lately, especially in the Western Church, the story of the Magi has been associated with this feast day.  As Gentiles, who were brought to faith in Jesus Christ, the Magi represent all believers from the Gentile world.” 1

The verse or theme for this feast is “Alleluia.  Where is He who had been born king of the Jews?  For we saw His star when it rose and have come to worship Him.  Alleluia.”  It is from Matthew 2:2b.

Old Testament    Isaiah 60:1-6

Psalm                   Psalm 72:1-15 (antiphon v. 18)

Epistle                  Ephesians 3:1-12

Gospel                  Matthew 2:1-12

The hymn appointed for this day is “O Morning Star, How Fair and Bright” as found on page 395 in the Lutheran Service Book.  You may listen to a beautiful acapella rendition of this hymn recorded at an LCMS-U event by following this link: O Morning Star, How Fair and Bright – YouTube

Collect of the Day:

O God, by the leading of a star You made known Your only-begotten Son to the Gentiles.  Lead us, who know You by faith, to enjoy in heaven the fullness of Your divine presence; through the same Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with the You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Pastor Jim Tuell

Treasury of Daily Prayer, Scot A Kinnaman, General Editor, Concordia Publishing House, Saint Louis, MO., 2008, p, 1094.

Feast of the Holy Innocents, Martyrs 12/28/2020

Greetings in the Name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ:

Today, December 28, 2020 is when the Christian Church celebrates the Feast of the Holy Innocents, Martyrs.  The Church remembers these innocent victims as martyrs as they died for the One who came to die for them.  This post is devoted to one of the Feast Days that the historic Christian Church observed that are generally neglected today.  I pray that you find this message beneficial in your devotions this or another day.

“Matthew’s Gospel tells of King Herod’s vicious plot against the infant Jesus after being ‘tricked’ by the Wise Men.  Threatened by the one ‘born King of the Jews,’ Herod murdered all the [male] children in and around Bethlehem who were two years old or younger (Matthew 2:16-18).  These ‘innocents,’ commemorated just three days after the celebration of Jesus’ birth, remind us not only of the terrible brutality of which human beings are capable but more significantly of the persecution Jesus endured from the beginning of His earthly life.  Although Jesus’ life was providentially spared at this time, many years later, another ruler, Pontius Pilate, would sentence the innocent Jesus to death. ” 1

The verse or theme for this feast is “Alleluia.  Precious in the sight of the LORD is the death of His saints.  Alleluia.”  It is from Psalm 116:15.

Old Testament          Jeremiah 31:15-17

Psalm             Psalm 54 (antiphon v. 4)

Epistle            Revelation 14:1-5

Gospel            Matthew 2:13-18

There are two hymns appointed for this day: “Sweet Flowerets of the Martyr Band” and “When Aimless Violence Takes Those We Love” as found on pages 969 and 764, respectively, in the Lutheran Service Book. 

Collect of the Day:

Almighty God, the martyred innocents of Bethlehem showed forth Your praise not by speaking but by dying.  Put to death in us all that is in conflict with Your will that our lives may bear witness to the faith we profess with our lips; through Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with the You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Pastor Jim Tuell

1 Treasury of Daily Prayer, Scot A Kinnaman, General Editor, Concordia Publishing House, Saint Louis, MO., 2008, p, 1065.

The Massacre of the Innocents Giotto di Bondone c. 1304-1305
Massacre of the Innocents – Lucas Cranach the Elder c. 1515

Feast of Saint Stephen, Martyr 12/26/2020

Greetings in the Name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ:

Today, December 26, 2020 is when the Christian Church celebrates the Feast of Saint Stephen, Martyr.  This post is devoted to one of the Feast Days that the historic Christian Church observed that are generally neglected today.  I pray that you find this message beneficial in your devotions this or another day.

“Saint Stephen, ‘a man full of faith and of the Holy Spirit (Acts 6:5),’ was one of the Church’s first seven deacons.  He was appointed by the leaders of the Church to distribute food and other necessities to the poor in the growing Christian community in Jerusalem, thereby giving the apostles more time for their public ministry of proclamation (Acts 6:2-5).  He and the other deacons apparently were expected not only to wait on tables but also to teach and preach.  When some of his colleagues became jealous of him, they brought Stephen to the Sanhedrin and falsely charged him with blaspheming against Moses (Acts 6:9-14).  Stephen’s confession of faith, along with his rebuke of the members of the Sanhedrin for rejecting their Messiah and being responsible for his death, so infuriated them that they dragged him out of the city and stoned him to death.  Stephen is honored as the Church’s first martyr and for his words of commendation and forgiveness as he lay dying: ‘Lord Jesus, receive my spirit’ and ‘Lord, do not hold this sin against them (Acts 7:59-60).’” 1

The verse or theme for this feast is “Alleluia.  Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of His saints.  Alleluia.”  It is from Psalm 116:15.

Old Testament    2 Chronicles 24:17-22

Psalm                   Psalm 119:137-144 (antiphon v. 142)

Epistle                  Acts 6:8–7:2a, 7:51-60

Gospel                  Matthew 23:34-39

The hymn appointed for this day is “The Son of God Goes Forth to War” as found on page 661 in the Lutheran Service Book.  Although not a “Lutheran” version per se, you may listen to a version of the hymn at this direct link:  “The Son of God goes forth to war” @ St. John’s Detroit – YouTube

Collect of the Day:

Heavenly Father, in the midst of our sufferings for the sake of Christ grant us grace to follow the example of the first martyr, Stephen, that we also may look to the One who suffered and was crucified on our behalf and pray for those who do us wrong; through Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with the You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.  Amen.

Pastor Jim Tuell

Treasury of Daily Prayer, Scot A Kinnaman, General Editor, Concordia Publishing House, Saint Louis, MO., 2008, p, 1058.

 The Stoning of Saint Stephen - Rembrandt (1606-1669)
The Stoning of Saint Stephen – Rembrandt (1606-1669)
The Martyrdom of St. Stephen - Santo Peranda (1566-1638)
The Martyrdom of St. Stephen – Santo Peranda (1566-1638)